History - The Writing Center at UNC-Chapel Hill Choosing Your Topic Researching Making an Outline Writing Your Paper Sample Research Papers and Outlines Community Q&A When studying at higher levels of school and throughout college, you will likely be asked to prepare research papers. A research paper can be used for exploring and identifying scientific, technical and social issues. If it's your first time writing a research paper, it may seem daunting, but with good organization and focus of mind, you can make the process easier on yourself. Writing a research paper involves four main stages: choosing a topic, researching your topic, making an outline, and doing the actual writing. The paper won't write itself, but by planning and preparing well, the writing practically falls into place. wiki How's mission is to help people learn, and we really hope this article helped you. Now you are helping others, just by visiting wiki How. Trek to Teach is a nonprofit organization that sends fluent English speakers to teach in Nepal near the Himalayas. In addition to teaching, Trek to Teach strengthens local communities by helping schools build infrastructure, paint their classrooms, and find furniture. Click below to let us know you read this article, and wiki How will donate to Trek to Teach on your behalf. Thanks for helping us achieve our mission of helping people learn how to do anything. Research papers—As the name suggests, these assnments require you to. However, if you're not sure how to attack a writing assnment in your history.
Writing Historical Essays - Department of History - Rutgers University You have been assigned an art history paper to write. You would like to finish your assignment on time with a minimum of stress, and your instructor fervently hopes to read an engaging, well-written paper. Here are some dos and don'ts to guide you, written by an art history professor who has graded thousands of these papers ranging from the superlative to the good, the bad and the phenomenally ugly. Historical essay writing is based upon the thesis. Whether you are studying many sources for a research paper or a few passages from one text for a book.
Writing A Research Paper College of Arts and Sciences A large research paper assignment can be scary and intimidating. As always, this large assignment becomes more manageable (and less scary) whenever you break it down into digestible bites. The first key to writing a good research paper is starting early. There are a few good reasons to get an early start: The timeline below should help you get to the number of pages you desire. The key to writing a long research paper is writing in stages: you will need to establish a general overview first, and then identify and write about several subtopics. The second key to writing a lengthy research paper is to think of the writing process as a cycle. You will alternate researching, writing, reordering, and revising. You will need to revisit each subtopic to insert your own analysis and arrange the proper order of your paragraphs in the final stages. Be sure to cite all information that is not common knowledge. Write a two-page overview of your topic using the book as a source. Be sure to include page numbers for information you use. You don’t have to worry about format just yet – just type page numbers and author/book name for now. Pick five interesting aspects that could serve as subtopics of your subject. Focus in on a few major points that you could write about. Read or skim those to find the most relevant and useful information. Be careful to indicate your source name and the page number for all information you record. These could be influential people, historical background, an important event, geographical information, or anything relevant to your subject. Arrange your printed pages (subtopics) in a logical order. When you find a sequence that makes sense, you can cut and past the pages together into one big file. D. It is important to base as much of your paper as possible on primary source material - the raw material of historical research letters, diaries, contemporary.
Types of Writing Writing in HIST 100 The History of Western. If you have ever said:do my Art History paper, you need a writing service to help you. We write papers for students all over the world so if you are in Australia, Denmarkor any corner of the world you ask and we will do it for you. With writing websites, establishing trust is a very difficult and important thing. You can’t just pick one website and tell them to do your paper. For all you know they could disclose your personal information publicly and that could get you into a lot of trouble. We protect your information and use it only when necessary. We understand your need for privacy and respect it. You need a hundred percent original paper that is historically accurate and has fine detail. Our writers know how to put together all the aspects of research writing so that you can have the paper you need. Many students hesitate over hiring a service because they have either had past bad experiences or have heard rumors about online scams. This is why you must hire yourself a trustworthy website. Once you work with us you never require the services of other online writing services. We like to believe that our work reflects the quality we always offer our clients. And with our experienced writers, we can cater to all your subject needs, including and not limited to Pre-History, Medieval and Renaissance. We allow you to communicate with the writer and state all the detailed requirements of your paper so that you and the writer of your paper have a mutual understanding. Once your paper is written you will receive it in your mail along with an originality report to ensure its uniqueness. For any further information you can contact us and we will get back to you as soon as possible. So all you have to do now is ask:help me with my college history paper! The thesis is the most important and central idea or assertion that you wish to convey in the paper. A good thesis should.
Writing a Thesis and Making an Argument Department of History. American history is a complex subject loaded with material. This means that there is a wide range of topics you can select from when writing a research paper on American history. Your paper can about a specific event, person, place, or thing, or a general movement. When writing your paper, also be sure to brainstorm of some different, more thorough ideas like the long-term effects of something. Almost every assnment you complete for a history course will ask you to make. This is an argument "This paper argues that the movie JFK is inaccurate in its.
Guidelines for Writing Art History Research Papers - Department of. Writing about art is based on the same analytical principles used for literature or history, but it requires a different approach and different observational skills. In an art history paper, we must employ a visual vocabulary and translate our visual impressions into a concrete verbal articulation. While this kind of writing can take many forms, the ultimate goals of any art history paper should be to explain the relationship between the technical form of a work and its impression on the viewer and to articulate how the visual elements work together to convey an overall effect. There are several basic ways to write about art: A formal analysis is the fundamental form of writing about art and often the first taught in any introductory art history course. In a strict formal analysis, no other information is required besides that which you can see, and while some knowledge of the subject matter helps, your focus should be on the visual elements of a work. A formal analysis focuses on aspects like line, color, composition, and style, and describes the effect of these artistic decisions on the viewer. While any formal analysis must employ a good deal of description, it is important to remember that even a pure formal analysis must always be thesis-driven and each point should tie back to the overall interpretation of the work. Example of a short formal analysis: In Raphael’s , the artist uses one point perspective, balanced composition, and vibrant primary colors to convey a sense of stability and order, thus representing the Christian narrative in the idealized, harmonious aesthetics of the Renaissance. In the foreground, a man and women stand on either side of a central figure, their adjoining hands creating a focal point that extends back to the doorway on the horizon line. The orthogonal lines created by the tiled pavement move the viewer’s eye along the same central path and emphasize the perfect perspective of the scene. The deep hues of yellow and green in the central man’s clothing complement the red and blue in the woman’s, and form the palette for the rest of the onlookers, a simple, pure combination of colors that contributes to the sense of order. The almost perfect symmetry of the scene, as well as the relatively empty middle ground, underscore both the spiritual theme and the aesthetic values of the time. Note how the writer balances description of the work, using a vocabulary based on knowledge of artistic techniques and visual elements, with analysis of their effect on the viewer. The thesis (in bold) provides a framework for the rest of the paragraph and acts as the driving force behind the descriptive observations. The example above merely demonstrates the type of writing typically employed in a formal analysis and is therefore shorter and less thorough than most visual analyses. Also note that while the writer acknowledges the subject of the piece (the Christian account of the marriage of the Virgin Mary) and its time period (the Renaissance), most of the focus is kept on the visual elements themselves. If the writer were to include more information beyond the observable aspects of the scene, this would become more of a research paper. For more information and a longer example of formal analysis, see pages 119-123 of Sylvan Barnet’s (8th ed.). An art history research paper can take a variety of forms, depending on the intended audience of the work and the aims of the writer. An iconographic analysis focuses on the representative iconography of a work, taking into account the symbolic role of images, the historical or mythological identity of figures, and any other elements that may have a visual significance. Research papers may also focus on the biographical details of the artist, such as the story of Michelangelo painting the Sistine Chapel, or the connection between Van Gogh’s and the artist’s mental health. They may also take into account such factors as patronage and social context and use these to place the work within a historical framework. In all cases, it is important to balance background research with analysis that ties these facts back to the work itself. In many cases, you will rely on the principles of formal analysis to back up some of your claims. nd one of the foremost proponents of iconography, attributed symbolic meaning to the various elements of the scene; he ultimately viewed the painting as a legal document of a marital union between Giovanni Arnolfini and his wife in 1434. In Panofsky’s opinion, the single candle in the chandelier represents the presence of an all-seeing God witnessing the ceremony. The dog at the couple’s feet represents fidelity; the wooden carving of St. Margaret at the top of the bedpost, protection for expecting mothers; and the bedroom setting for the scene underscores the intimacy of the ceremony. Finally, the artist’s signature above the mirror constitutes the central focal point of the scene and documents the artist’s presence as a witness in the ceremony. Not only do these elements work in a symbolic manner; it is the very nature of their symbolism that gives the work its nuptial significance. The example above relies on Panofsky’s interpretation of the scene, citing specific iconographical details in order to support the writer’s conclusion. Research papers are usually thesis-driven as well, and always directed at a specific audience (more on this in Section IV). For more information on writing about iconography and doing art historical research, refer to pages 240-245 of (8th ed.), and the entirety of Chapter 11. Comparisons of two works of art are often used in both research papers and exam responses. They provide an opportunity to combine formal analysis with knowledge of the artists, the subjects, and relevant background information needed to make inferences about the relationship between the two works. Begin by asking yourself what aspects of the two works stand out as particularly notable and whether or not these attributes are shared. A comparison typically starts with similarities; if the two works share a stylistic background, have the same artist or relative period, or depict the same subject, mention the commonality as grounds for establishing a comparison. Then, move on to the ways in which the two works differ, beginning with the obvious and moving on to the more subtle and specific. Conclude each point by analyzing what this difference might reveal. Example of a comparison: Assignment: Donatello’s and Michelangelo’s Davids share the same biblical subject, historical period, and sculptural form, yet differ in a number of significant ways that reflect their respective embodiments of the early and high Renaissance styles. The most apparent difference between the two is the moment in the battle that each artist chooses to depict. Donatello’s David stands victoriously above the head of his vanquished foe, his own head bowed in an almost feminine gesture of reflection, a picture of the idealized male nude. Michelangelo, on the other hand, has caught his David in the moments before the battle itself. He stands proudly in a position of perfect contrapposto, his hand holding the sling, the only iconographic reference in the entire piece, over one shoulder, looking into the distance with a pensive, almost fearful gaze. This David is no longer a shy, pretty vision of youth, but a man on the verge of adulthood, an embodiment of the Florentine identity and the full realization of the artistic ability of the high Renaissance that Michelangelo came to represent. This is a shortened example; a full version would cover more points of comparison and go into greater depths of analysis. As with the formal analysis, description should never take precedence over analysis, and the writing should always pursue a thesis. For a sample comparison, see pages 142-149 of (8th ed.). An article in a newspaper differs substantially from a purely academic analysis, assuming a more casual tone and appealing to a more general audience. This, in turn, is different from an exhibition review. Keeping these different voices distinct when you write about art will help make your writing interesting and alive. While art history has no default audience, and you should always check whether the assignment specifies an intended reader, it is usually safe to assume you are writing for a classmate, and not only your professor. • When describing works of art, write in the present tense. While references to the life of the artist and the historical period surrounding the work should generally be in the past, formal analyses should always be in the present, as should as any descriptions of the works themselves. If a work elicits a certain reaction, there is almost always a reason for this response. Learn to articulate your instincts in a way that helps your audience understand more about the work and its intended function. • Ask why an artist made a specific decision, and then try to imagine how it could have been otherwise. Why choose marble for a medium, if bronze is lighter and less costly? Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008. These questions help to place you in the mindset of the artist and gain further insight into the work itself. For more information on style, constructing a thesis, and introductions and conclusions, see the Writing Center handouts on each of these topics. • Finally, remember that your task is to translate something that is inherently visual into a verbal form. The writer would like to thank Sharon Williams, Professor John Mc Enroe, Ben Tilghman, Michael Harwick ’11, and Caitlin Fitzsimmons ’11 for their feedback and assistance in the writing of this handout. At times, this can seem rather daunting, and even counterintuitive. Keeping this distinction in mind as you begin to write about art will help to make your task easier and ultimately illuminate the best aspects of both forms of expression. "Jan van Eyck's Arnolfini Portrait." The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 372, no. Writing a paper for an art history course is similar to the analytical, research-based papers that you may have written in English literature courses or history.
Prospectus Writing Tips History - Brown University Let’s face it, unless you are a history major in school or a history buff writing a history term paper can be worse than pulling teeth for some people. History research papers are some of the most time consuming papers you will have to write in your college career. Surely it would be much easier for you to buy a custom history research paper than to actually try and write one yourself. Well our staff at Paper has professional writers waiting to write your history research paper to your specifications. Other sites will offer history research papers for sale and claim they have been custom written. The problem is that these papers are recycled and resold everyday so technically it is not a custom paper. Professors are hip to this and use a variety of software programs to see if papers have been plagiarized or used before. Paper is a premier custom paper writing service that caters to all subjects on all academic levels. Our native English speaking writers will create a one of a kind custom history paper for you that will not be recycled or resold. If you get caught with one of those recycled history papers not only will you fail the class but you will probably be kicked out of school. We cover all subjects and time frames in the subject of history so do not think your assignment is too difficult for us; it’s not. Check out the other benefits we offer at Paper Written.com: We have been serving our clients for years because we offer 100% satisfaction. Paper is here to write a dynamic history paper just for you! Our customers speak very highly of our professional and knowledgeable staff; go to the site and see for yourself. We have a wonderful reputation in this field with many positive reviews that we encourage you to read. While you are there make sure to check out the other great services we have such as our proofreading and editing services. We want to make sure your paper is perfect whether you write it or we write it for you! When you buy a research paper from us you can expect nothing less than best. We pride ourselves in offering the best in pricing, customer service, content, uniqueness, and overall experience. Gone are the days you agonize over writing a research paper in the middle of the night. Put your trust in Paper to handle your academic writing needs. We have agents on standby ready to answer your questions and walk you through the process step by step. A good guide to defining a research topic is found in Wayne C. Booth, Gregory Colomb. For tips on annotation, see Rampolla, Pocket Guide to Writing History.
The Research Paper Developing Historical Questions. And don’t forget about laws of time travel, to come out of this ordeal safe and sound. Get ready to find out the most useful tips not only to write a great history essay, but also enjoy the process. History of writing has already passed a number of eras, however, you may be the one to say a new word in writing of history papers. Try thinking of your paper as a voyage to a different period in history. Research essay in history, just as any research paper, has to be focused on a certain topic. However, if you want to know how to write a good research paper in history, you have to concentrate on an issue, which is not too broad, but not too narrow. If the topic for your paper is too broad, you are likely to get overwhelmed with the amount of information, and most probably, get very vague result. On the contrary, if the topic is too narrow, your history research paper will be finished without getting started. Being interested in what you write about makes the writing process much easier. Moreover, opportunity to relate your topic to the present opens the way to a broader field of research. Having laid the foundation, we are now ready to move to the basic rules of travelling to the past. Use credible resources so that your research paper would be reliable and applicable in your further work. It is quite easy to mess up your work by referring to the wrong sources. In the end you will get a tangle of doubtfully related facts that will leave you with nothing but a huge question mark. Searching for the sources, always ask yourself: “Will I write my research paper or a piece of science fiction using this? Organize your points in chapters or paragraphs, assuring logical transitions from one point to another. The last rule, very important, highlighted by Papers Master: make sure that your future self still exists! ” If the latter is more likely, you’re doing something wrong. Hopefully, it is clear that you have to use the right grammar and vocabulary. After that comes the time for conclusion: restate your thesis, show how profoundly you’ve analyzed it. Think of the experience you’ve gained, learning how to write a history essay, of the new projects you can complete, using the knowledge. The best question to ask here is “how to structure a research paper? Your history paper obviously needs introduction, main body and a conclusion. This way you’ll be able to have more fun, travelling through time and space. Photography, working on a research paper, 5 April 2011, Mike Nantais, Flickr. of historical writing, i.e. thesis, claim, logic, evidence begin the research paper.
History Writing Guide - Boston University Writing a research paper concerning a certain historic event is not unlike writing a paper on any other subject matter. The slight adjustments and changes that students need to apply in order to write a history research paper are simple to understand and implement. It’s important to note that papers such as these are grounded in historic events and facts, which often happens to be the most common problem that students overlook. So how should you go about writing a research paper based on a historic event or development and get your project done properly? Choosing a topic on which to base your research paper is a very touchy part of your project. The reason for this is that there are often numerous research papers already written on the subject that you want to analyze. By definition, a research paper should develop and add to an established event or an argument. So how can you find a proper topic for your research paper and make it original? More often than not, you will have to make compromises with your topic. Chances are that the specific event or development that you want to write about has already been deconstructed. It might be hard to find an argument that will advance the research further. Try looking for alternatives and think about different perspectives that you could use to pitch your topic and develop a thesis. The research paper will not only serve to develop the event. It will also speak volume about who you are and how you think, so take everything into consideration before deciding on a specific topic. Once you’ve decided on what topic you will tackle, it’s time to do proper research and gather sources on the matter. Keep in mind that all the sources for your research paper need to be credible and add to the argument. If the source does not do one of those things, discard it immediately and keep looking. When it comes to resource gathering, the world is your oyster, and the pros of traditional colleges offer you to use libraries and seek help from professors. Make sure to use every opportunity available to you in order to gather everything you need. In order to write a research paper, you will need just enough resources and literature to prove your point, so don’t fret about finding too little of it. Any and all sources are eligible to become resources for your research paper. Anything from books to web sites will do the trick, so don’t shy away from different sources simply because they are different. Just keep in mind that anything you use has to be credible in order to be taken seriously. This means that the author needs to be a respected expert in the field and a contributor to the argument that you are trying to make. As with any research paper, creating a proper outline is a part of the process. Make sure that you clearly mark your intro, body and conclusion in order to start shaping them into your first draft. At first it will seem difficult to organize all the thoughts and notes into a coherent whole. Try adding a few headings and subheadings to your body in order to get the writing process started. It may be a good idea to find some research paper assistance if you get stuck, since you need to abide by your deadline and need to keep things going. The outline of your paper is more important than you think. It will serve to measure the complexity of your research paper as well as give the reader a guideline as to how your thought process works when you present your theories. The purpose of research paper writing isn’t only to pass the course; it’s to allow your superiors to evaluate your academic progress and the way you think. Try to organize your research paper in a way that will make it accessible and engaging to read. It’s important to allow your professor an inside look into your research paper writing and ask for any pointers while the paper is being written. It’s not just about submitting the paper and calling it a day. The professor will be interested in how the paper is coming along, what conclusions have you derived so far, how your thesis is holding up against the sources and so forth. Make sure to be open about your research paper and ask for any feedback that you can apply in order to make the paper even better than it is. Students often overlook this as a sign of weakness on their part and to their research paper writing autonomously, without asking for opinions. This rarely works out okay, so be open-minded and objective about any comment that you might receive. It’s better to ask and discuss any problems that you might be facing instead of rewriting half of your paper due to a lack of communication. More important than in other forms of research paper writing, citing and referencing sources in history papers is essential to a successful project. Keep in mind everything that you might have quoted, paraphrased, or copied from a certain source. It’s important to honor all the work and research that has been done before your research paper was written. This will keep you away from any plagiarism charges as well. Historical facts are often well known among academic circles, so failing to cite or reference a source could prove devastating to your research paper. There are numerous ways of citing each different source and it’s important to do it properly for each one. While it may sound like a trivial technicality, it’s just as important as the research and writing you did so that time to do it properly. It’s more important in history research paper writing than in any other form of writing. It goes without saying, and yet students make the mistake of not proofreading all the time. Make sure that you check your research paper for any grammar, proofreading or formatting errors before submitting it. More important than in any other form of paper writing, you need to check each date, name and event in your paper. Try reading the paper as if you were a casual reader and check if the tone of voice is consistent throughout the paper. All the sections of your paper should be a cohesive whole that falls into place like puzzle pieces, so the style and tone has to be the same in each section. When all is said and done, all that remains is to submit your paper for review and make your thesis more concrete by preparing a defense that argues in your favor. This should be easy considering all the work you did up to this point but make sure to prepare either way. Again, keep in mind to stick to historical facts and don’t stray into fantasy territory. It’s too easy to mix your dates and events up in research paper writing and discussion on historical events. Ment in the form of a research paper, a published article, or a book manuscript. History as a. Historical writing is one variety of written expression which seeks.
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